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Chitta Prasadanam – 4 Virtues for Psychological Peace (In line with Yoga Sutra)


Chitta Prasadanam, as prescribed by Maharishi Patanjali in his well-known Yoga Sutras, is efficacious knowledge that may assist us preserve a peaceable and exquisite way of thinking, whatever the actions of others.

Chitta in yoga is outlined because the mind-stuff and Prasadanam means the act of constructing one thing pure and exquisite. 

Chitta Prasadan is a chic means of clearing the thoughts from impurities by growing 4 vital psychological virtues Maitri (Friendliness), Karuna (Compassion), Mudita (Joyfulness) and Upeksha (Indifference). The observe permits us to search out peace inside by creating loving relationships with others.

It’s defined by Patanjali within the thirty third sutra of the primary chapter Samadhi Pada, the place he prescribes the 4 attitudes we should domesticate in the direction of folks in numerous conditions.

The sutra on Chitta Prasadhana is subsequent to the sutra on Chitta Vikshepa (disturbances of thoughts). Patanjali explains that disturbances of thoughts might be in type of disappointment, disappointment, anger, imbalance in respiratory and so on. and is brought on by 9 sorts of Antarayas (distractions) that happen on a yogi’s journey to self-attainment.

Maharishi Patanjali prescribes Chitta Prasandhan as a option to overcome the obstacles and counter the limitless wave of ideas thus created. 

Yoga Sutra 1.33

In sutra 1.33, Patanjali explains a yogi should domesticate 4 attitudes of the center in the direction of folks so as to lead the thoughts (Chitta) in the direction of peace and happiness (Prasadanam).

The sutra goes like this:

Maitree-karuna-muditopekshanan Sukha-duhkha-punyapunyavishayanan Bhavanatash Chitta-prasadanam

Yoga Sutra 1.33

Right here’s the breakdown of phrases on this sutra.

  • Maitree – friendliness
  • Karuna – compassion
  • Mudita – Pleasure
  • Upeksha – indifference
  • Sukh – happiness
  • Dukh – disappointment
  • Punya – virtuous acts
  • Apunya – wrongdoings
  • Vishanayam – relating to
  • Bhavana – emotions
  • Chitta – mind-stuff,
  • Prasadhan – clearing of impurities

Placing collectively phrases convey the sutra’s translation like this:

Growing friendliness in the direction of the happiness of others, compassion in the direction of the sorrow of others, pleasure in the direction of good deeds of others and indifference in the direction of wrongdoings of others clear our thoughts and allow us to expertise peace inside.

Understanding 4 psychological attitudes to achieve peace

In line with the sutra, working towards the 4 psychological virtues specifically –  Maitri, Karuna, Mudita and Upeksha is the last word option to expertise the calmness of the thoughts.

1. Maitri – friendliness

Maitri might be understood as the sensation of friendliness or loving-kindness. So this a part of the sutra suggests growing sort and pleasant ideas in the direction of the happiness of individuals.

Everyone knows individuals who might be extra blessed than us – be it by way of wealth, magnificence or possessions. And oftentimes we find yourself evaluating ourselves to them.

Maharishi Patanjali teaches us to regain our peace of thoughts by growing pleasant ideas in the direction of the happier folks, as an alternative of permitting the insecure ideas to enter our thoughts.

The famend yogi Swami Vivekananda interprets it as having pleasant ideas in the direction of all fellow human beings; in any case, we’re a part of one cosmos and linked to one another in a means.

2. Karuna – compassion

Karuna is the perspective of compassion in the direction of different folks’s sorrows. This a part of the sutra teaches us to develop loving compassion in the direction of people who find themselves in ache or struggling. 

The thoughts could also be accustomed to being detached in the direction of different folks’s ache as a result of it isn’t our personal. Or we might really feel pity for individuals who aren’t as blessed as us. However the feeling of pity solely separates us from them.

As an alternative, coaching the thoughts to really feel real compassion and concern in the direction of others permits us to attach with them and our larger self finally.

3. Mudita – Pleasure 

Mudita means pleasure or delight. This a part of the sutra teaches us to develop gladness over the great deeds and achievements of others, as an alternative of permitting envious emotions to take over our thoughts.

Jealousy is a vice that may simply plague us once we hear of others’ achievements. In truth, the human thoughts is able to searching for flaws even in probably the most virtuous folks.

Whereas it is probably not pure for us to really feel elated over a neighbour or colleague’s achievements, we do really feel joyous over the achievements of our shut ones. The distinction is that we expertise the happiness of solely those that we really feel linked with.

We should remind ourselves that we’re all linked on this world. And feeling genuinely comfortable for all others, devoid of any envy, permits the divine peace to move inside us.

4. Upeksha – Apunya

The phrase Upeksha is displaying indifference or neutrality in the direction of adverse habits or vices of others. And this can be the hardest half to observe.

Let’s admit, it takes deliberate effort to not act judgemental in the direction of others. The thoughts can cling on to the errors completed by others and search for alternatives to appropriate them. 

Maharishi Patanjali advocates precisely the other of this behavior – to point out acceptance or ‘equanimity’ in the direction of the incorrect actions.

A straightforward option to instil this behavior is by reminding ourselves that all of us make errors whereas being unaware of them. Others might be doing the identical. We should let our thoughts settle for that ‘merely overlooking different folks’s wrongdoings’ is the prescribed option to discovering peace in keeping with our historical scriptures.

Practising over preaching

Although all of it sounds good, can we actually inculcate these attitudes in our each day life conditions? Although our thoughts might be accustomed to doing simply the other?

Effectively, the appropriate means in keeping with yogic philosophy is to coach our thoughts via Abhyaas and Vairagya (observe by repeated motion and fixed state of detachment).

As soon as these psychological virtues translate into our behaviour; they may help us cope with even probably the most tough conditions with ease and foster loving relationships with others.

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